A Layman’s Guide To Blockchain, Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency And ICOs

Money know-how
08 Nov 2017
6 mins read
Written by Team Instarem
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    Despite the growing popularity of cryptocurrencies, Blockchain technology and Bitcoins, the fact is that these concepts continue to remain alien to the common man. And the non-stop brouhaha and diverse reports on these topics don’t help its case either. So, we decided to break the ice wall to help you warm up to the concept of cryptocurrencies and the economics behind it. And once we are through, we promise you will see the world in better light.

    What Is Blockchain?

    Well, to explain what Blockchain is, it’s imperative that we speak about Bitcoin as well. Bitcoin first appeared in a white paper authored by a person or persons, using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. The white paper spoke about an advanced peer to peer electronic cash system called Bitcoin which enabled online payments without an intermediary. While the emergence of Bitcoins was a big thing, it was the technology behind the Bitcoin that was truly revolutionary. This technology is the Blockchain technology.

    Blockchain is a decentralised database of digital transactions that are tagged with a time stamp. Unlike the traditional databases kept by banks, accountants, etc., this decentralised database has a network of replicated databases that is visible to any member of the network. While Blockchain technology cannot identify the location of a transaction, the transaction itself can be determined by the time stamp. This makes the transactions tamper-proof. Blockchain guarantees data integrity by its distributed design. Any changes that are to be made would have to be done on all the servers in the network simultaneously, making it impossible to tamper with later on. The blockchain keeps track of every single transaction and the ownership of every single bitcoin in circulation. The people who monitor and update this database are called ‘miners’. In other words, miners are people who approve transactions. Their job is to ensure that the transaction is secure. In return for their services, miners are paid fees by the vendors/merchants of each transaction

    How Does Blockchain Technology Help Industries?

    Since data in Blockchain technology is encrypted using advanced cryptography, it makes data less vulnerable to being hacked or changed. Hence, it is a boon to industries who have massive data storage requirements.

    • Banking Sector and Government Bodies

    Blockchain can not only streamline the cumbersome processes followed by banks and government bodies, but also safeguards client information as every financial transaction or confidential information is tagged with a unique code.

    • Finance

    Blockchain is perfect for the finance industry as it ensures complete security of the data Another great feature of Blockchain technology is that it not only prevents breach in its security systems, but can also trace the source of the entity that is trying to breach the system.

    • Other Businesses

    The unique safety feature of Blockchain technology keeps all transactions safe from hackers and malware. Hence, it is beneficial to all business houses and other corporations as it can safely store personal data like legal agreements, employee information, etc..

    What Is The Future Of Blockchain Technology?

    Through the years, Blockchain technology has evolved and is now being embraced by several businesses, industries and countries (Japan declared the cryptocurrency legal tender earlier this year), all thanks to amazing features. . However, the rapid growth has resulted in a dearth of professionals to work on Blockchain projects.

    Despite all that, there is a high possibility that Blockchain technology will be embraced by government agencies, business houses, universities and other institutions, in the years to come. After all, it cannot be stolen, can’t be taxed, reduces transaction costs and prevents reversal of transactions. .

    What are Cryptocurrency And Bitcoin?

    Cryptocurrency is a virtual currency used for electronic purchases and transfers. Bitcoin is one such cryptocurrency. There are other cryptocurrencies such as Litecoin, Ethereum, Zcash, Dash, etc. However, Bitcoin is undoubtedly the most widely known. With many stores, multiplexes and restaurants accepting Bitcoins as alternate currency, it can now be used in your day-to-day life to pay bills and purchase goods and services online. . Bitcoins are also being accepted by high profile companies such as Microsoft, overstock.com, etc. Bitcoins can be stored in a virtual wallet on your desktop, laptop, smartphone, tablet or even on the Cloud. They have absolute value and can be traded from one individual ‘wallet’ to another.

    So, Why are Bitcoins Gaining Popularity?

    1. Bitcoins are not created by any Central Bank, so it is not under regulations
    2. Bitcoins are non-banking transactions
    3. Bitcoins are growing in popularity
    4. Bitcoins transactions are irreversible

    So, basically Bitcoins are made with sophisticated algorithms, making it almost impossible to create forgeries. However, just like everything, they too have a flip side Some of the consequences of using Bitcoins are:

    • Time Lapse During Confirmation

    Many a times, people end up spending twice on the same transaction as the time lapse in confirmation gives the impression of an unsuccessful transaction. Besides, an unscrupulous person with a faster clicking capability can use the few-second window during confirmation to redirect your payment to another purchase.

    • Pool Organisers

    Pool organisers form a cartel with thousands of members who get the privilege of choosing the division of Bitcoins amongst themselves. Dishonest Bitcoin miners can draw Bitcoins as there is no regulatory body to audit the transactions.

    • Mismanaged Online Exchanges

    There are illegal online exchanges that trade cash for Bitcoins. These operators are not only dishonest they are also incompetent. This can be compared to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mao investment who went down because of dishonesty and incompetence. The banking losses were covered by insurance whereas Bitcoins exchanges lack insurance for their users.

    Finally, what are ICOs?

    ICO or Initial Coin Offering is a fundraising tool that trades future cryptocurrency. It is exchanged for cryptocurrency of immediate liquid value. ICO, in some ways, similar to an IPO. However, the two are diagonally opposite in so many ways. It is a recent development and a favoured way to raise new cryptocurrency. However, many legal questions are raised because this is creates a parallel economy that is unregulated and very susceptible to fraud and corruption.

    A Layman’s Guide To Blockchain, Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency And ICOs was originally published in InstaReM on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

    About Instarem

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